Stroke: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
Stroke is a life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the flow of blood cuts off from the brain or blood vessel in the brain ruptures. The brain’s tissues are not able to get a proper inflow of blood and oxygen due to the rupture or blockage. Without it, the brain cells can be damaged in a few minutes.
Hence, it is important to transfer the patient to the emergency room and he might need a clot-busting drug within the first 3 hours.
Symptoms of Stroke
Symptoms of a stroke can be witnessed through different body parts controlled by the damaged areas of the brain. Listed below are a few of them:
- Feeling of numbness or weakness in one side of the body
- Trouble speaking or understanding speech
- Slurring speech
- Loss of balance
Types of Brain Stroke
Diagnosis and Treatment
A stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate assistance and treatment. Ensuring timely treatment is highly crucial in this case. The treatment completely depends upon the severity and type of stroke. It majorly focuses on restoring blood flow and controlling bleeding along with controlling blood pressure.
A Carotid Ultrasound, Echocardiogram, CT scan or MRI of the head are typically the initial tests performed to confirm the case of stroke.
The doctor needs to do blood tests and imaging tests to identify the type of stroke. Ischemic stroke is the most common kind of stroke. Around 90 per cent of people have this stroke and it occurs when a clot blocks blood flow. A hemorrhagic stroke is the one when bleeding in the brain is reported.
Depending upon the severity, different types of treatment are performed. Doctors might treat it with a clot-busting drug or blood-thinning drugs like tissue plasminogen activator, or aspirin.
Surgery can also be performed to remove blood from around the brain and repair the damaged blood vessels.
Preventative Care for Stroke
- Avoid unhealthy diet which is especially high in trans-fat and salt
- Quit smoking
- Avoid alcohol
- Exercise more
- Lose weight
- Track your blood pressure and connect with the doctor in case you find it uneven
- Keep a check on the diabetes levels
If you suspect any symptoms of a stroke, emergency medical treatment becomes imperative. Stay connected with your doctor to follow prevention strategy, including medication and lifestyle changes.
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