Maternity Care: Common health issues and effective solutions
The body of a woman undergoes a great deal of changes during pregnancy. As the baby grows, the mother too experiences changes in every stage of the pregnancy. Ranging from mild to severe, these changes can also lead to irritation and discomfort in a few cases.
Here are some of the most common changes which occur during pregnancy:
With changes in the hormones, women tend to become constipated during their pregnancy. Gynecologists recommend a fiber-rich diet, consisting of wholemeal bread, cereals, fruit and vegetables, and pulses like beans and lentils for avoiding issues related to digestion.
Cramps are mainly a result of normal changes which take place as the baby grows. They are mainly common at night and cause a pulling sensation on one or both sides of your abdomen. Gynaecologists recommend gentle exercise, especially for the leg and ankles to prevent cramps.
The hormonal changes during pregnancy usually lead to dizziness in women. It is also an indication of the brain not getting enough blood and oxygen. Pregnant women should always get up slowly after sitting or lying down. They should also avoid sleeping in their back after the seventh month as it can increase the risk of stillbirth.
Urge to peeing a lot during pregnancy
The increased need to pee is mainly a result of the pressure due to the baby’s head pressing on your bladder. You can avoid drinks in the late evening to reduce the need to pee at night. The symptoms like pain while peeing or blood in urine indicate a urine infection and need immediate medical attention.
Changes in skin and hair
The hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your nipples and the area around them go darker. The skin also becomes darker and patchy. A dark line can also appear down the middle of your stomach. You are also likely to have increased hair growth during this phase. However, these changes are usually temporary and disappear with time.
Increased sensitivity to heat
Pregnant women are likely to feel hotter than usual during pregnancy. This is mainly a result of hormonal changes and increase in the blood supply to the skin.