Buccal Cavity and the Importance of Maintaining Oral Health

What is Buccal Cavity?

Buccal cavity also known as Oral cavity, or more simply put, the mouth, is much more than what we usually think is a mere composition of lips, teeth, and tongue.

From initiating our digestive process to playing a role in speech utterance, its role cannot be overstated. However, many a time, we get confused over whether the term ‘oral cavity’ is synonymous to ‘buccal cavity’ or not. While the former is derived from the Latin word ‘oralis’ that means mouth or opening, buccal (from Latin, bucca) means cheek. Nevertheless, both of them are used interchangeably.

From palate, vestibule, glottis to more, human’s oral cavity comprises several parts each playing a unique function of its own. Out of them there are four main parts that perform the chief roles.

Buccal Mucosa

Mouth houses the mucosa, and mucous cells inside the oral cavity is called buccal mucosa. Mucosa are a kind of cells that aid absorption, which means they can process certain nutrients and compounds by engrossing them directly into the blood circulation system and skipping over the intestinal parcel.


The tongue is a strong organ in the mouth. The tongue is secured with wet, pink tissue called mucosa. Thousands of taste buds are spread over the surfaces of the papillae. Taste buds are collections of nerve-like cells that interface with nerves running into the cerebrum. Small knocks called papillae give the tongue its rough surface.


Teeth are comprised of various layers — enamel, dentin, pulp, and cementum. Polish, which is the hardest substance in the body, is outwardly of the tooth. The subsequent layer is dentin, which is milder than enamel, and the most profound layer inside the tooth is pulp, which comprises of nerves and veins. Cementum is on the base of the tooth and is underneath the gums.


The palate isolates the nasal cavity and the oral cavity, with the hard palate situated anteriorly and the soft palate posteriorly. Hard palate comprised of bones and is immobile. Soft palate comprised of muscle fibers covered by a mucous membrane. It can be elevated to close the pharyngeal isthmus during swallowing – this prevents the food bolus from entering the nasopharynx.

Breaking down the ingested food into smaller molecules and converting them into energy to keep us alive and help us perform our day-to-day tasks, the process of digestion is complex yet highly crucial. However, this sophisticated mechanism of food intake, its break-down, and conversion initiates at the oral cavity.

How does the digestion process start in buccal cavity?

When food is taken in our mouth, it is the teeth that break them down and the saliva that moistens them. The enzyme amylase in saliva helps break carbohydrates into sugar molecules. With the movement of our tongue, the broken down food is further softened and glided at the back our mouth where they can be swallowed.

Considering the significance of our buccal cavity, it is crucial to keep it healthy. Weak teeth and gums will not only prevent you from breaking down the food properly, it will also lead to bad breath and may increase your risk of other serious health problems. In fact, many people are unaware of the connection of oral health to overall health. Saliva for instance also serves as an antibody against lethal viruses and bacteria and therefore weakened saliva can lead to fungal infection in our mouth.

Importance of maintaining oral health

Taking care of your teeth is way more important than maintaining a pretty smile. Oral health is directly connected to an individual’s overall wellbeing, including their heart health. Neglecting oral hygiene can prompt serious health issues or the worsening of existing health conditions.

importance of maintaining oral health

importance of maintaining oral health

The threat of not maintaining proper dental care is that it can affect an individual’s general health and prosperity. Awful oral hygiene can prompt outcomes that go far beyond awful breath, including the advancement of infection, the worsening of existing sicknesses and increased clinical costs.

If you don’t maintain oral hygiene than various health issues occur in our body:

  • Awful breath is an issue that majority of individuals suffers due to lack of oral cleanliness.
  • In youthful patients not maintaining good oral cleanliness will bring about early loss of teeth, falling of the dental curve which will at last lead to various malocclusion.
  • In older patient tooth loss will make hard to eat food alongside helpless stomach related digestive system will hamper their general well being, which will prompt general health inconvenience, iron deficiency, and so on.
  • The nerve of the tooth become contaminated and causes serious pain. Further, it might cause a boil.
  • Gum diseases which can be mellow irritation, gingivitis to extreme periodontists. Whenever left untreated that will cause bone misfortune around the tooth, at last bringing about the teeth being lost.

Certain measures we can take to maintain good oral hygiene:

  • Wash mouth every day with an antimicrobial or fluoride-containing arrangement.
  • Brushing twice a day; utilize a delicate/medium toothbrush with a nut size of toothpaste. Brushing should not be done too energetically.
  • Follow good dietary patterns; reduce sweet foods and beverages, aerated beverages, drinks that are excessively harsh, on the grounds that that all will cause disintegration of teeth and will prompt sensitivity.
  • Remember to change toothbrush once in 3 months.
  • Prevention is better than cure, simple measures taking today will diminish the greater part of the dental issues and help to keep away from expensive dental treatment in the later life. Hence, normal dental tests and expert scaling and cleaning of your teeth once in a half year.

Other factors that you can take into consideration while maintaining the oral hygiene:

The basics of keeping our oral health robust are regular brushing, flossing, and rinsing. In addition to this, there are certain lifestyle changes you will have to make such as getting rid of the habit of drinking soda and smoking. The phosphoric and citric acid in soda wear away the tooth surface, thus weakening the enamel. Result? Tooth cavities. Sugar also causes plaque formation and tooth decay. Therefore, cutting out on or lessening the intake of sodas and sugary food items is crucial to maintain your oral health. The nicotine and tar in cigarettes also enables bacteria to accumulate in your mouth and degrades the bone, making you more prone not only to tooth loss but oral cancer as well.

Cutting out on the don’ts and adopting healthy habits as simple as brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing can help you avoid damage to your oral cavity and overall health.

If you have any doubt or suggestion please comment below

Daniel is our UK-based freelance Editor. As part of our quest towards credible news, Doctor's Clinic Blog India affiliates with individuals from other parts of the world to provide an in-depth focus on essential topics. Daniel received his degree from the University of Sheffield, and since then, worked to multiple sites as a freelance contributor and editor.

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