Neuroendoscopy – A minimally invasive procedure for Brain Tumor Surgeries
Neuroendoscopy is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures for removing a tumor. It is considered to be minimally-invasive and involves removal of the tumor through small holes in the skull. It can also be removed through the mouth or nose. Neuroendoscopy is a speciality within neurosurgery which requires highly trained and experienced neurosurgeons. It is the discipline of applying an endoscope to the treatment of conditions of the central nervous system.
Industry experts and medical practitioners at various leading healthcare centers consider neuroendoscopy to be highly effective as it helps the neurosurgeons to reach the areas of the brain which cannot be accessed through traditional surgery. It also does not require the cutting of skull or harming its parts for removing the tumor.
In an attempt to advance their field and come up with a less invasive and successful option treatment for the patients, the neurosurgeons developed neuroendoscopy. The history of the pioneering stage of neuroendoscopy can be traced back to the year 1910 when the urologist L’Espinasse carried out an endoscopic procedure on the brain for the first time. There was a significant advancement in the field of neuroendoscopy in the 1960s.
A specialized medical device called endoscope is used for neuroendoscopy. It is a tubular instrument with a high-resolution video camera and eye piece on the end, which allows the neurosurgeon to look deep into the body and access the tumor. Special instruments are usually attached to the endoscope by the neurosurgeons in order to remove a tumor or take a sample of it.
Neuroendoscopy offers a number of benefits, such as:
- Neuroendoscopic surgery is usually preferred as it does not cause any harm to the healthy tissue, has lower rate of complications and excellent outcomes
- It is considered to be less painful as compared to traditional surgery
- The patient who undergoes neuroendoscopy is likely to recover faster than traditional surgery
- The chances of getting scars are lesser in neuroendoscopy as compared to traditional surgery
Neuroendoscopy is used in the treatment of various types of brain tumors, such as:
- Pineal region tumors
- Pituitary tumors
- Rathke’s cleft cysts
- Skull base tumors
- Ventricular tumors
Neuroendoscopy has come a long way and become an imperative part of neurosurgery. Keeping in mind its extensive benefits, it would be apt to say that Neuroendoscopy is undoubtedly here to stay and replace the conventional procedure.