Introduction to Total Joint Replacement
Total joint replacement involves removal and replacement of arthritic or injured joints with metal, plastic or ceramic devices called prosthesis through surgical procedures. The prosthesis is designed to imitate the movement of a typical, healthy joint. Stated by Mayom Hospital, the most commonly executed joint replacements are of hip and knee, however, replacement surgeries can also be performed on other joints including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.
A number of conditions can cause joint pain and disability which compel patients to undergo joint replacement surgery. In many cases, joint pain is a result of damaged cartilage that lines the ends of the bones—either from a fracture, arthritis, or a different condition. Your doctor will recommend total joint replacement to you only when other nonsurgical treatments like medications and physical therapy fail to relieve your pain and disability.
Few weeks prior to the surgery, a surgical team and doctor spend time preparing the patient for forthcoming procedure. For instance, the primary care doctor may possibly check your overall health, and your surgeon might need some tests such as blood tests and a cardiogram — to plan your surgery with an appropriate approach.
The recovery and healing are completely different for each person. However, your surgeon will persuade you to use your "new" joint soon after the operation. Even though it is a challenging task, following your doctor's directives will speed your recovery. Since the adjoining muscles are weak from stillness, majority of the patients experience some momentary pain in the replaced joint. Our body takes its own time in adjusting with the new joint, and healing the tissues. However this pain should vanish in a few months.
As per Mayom Hospital Gurgaon, your medical doctor will explicate the possible risks and complications of total joint replacement, including the ones directly related to the surgery itself and those that can crop up eventually after the surgery.