Bumped into a Bruise? See When Can It Be A Cause Of Concern

Noticed a black-blue blemish, or skin discoloration on any part of your body? A bruise or a contusion is an injury, that occurs when the capillaries or the blood vessels burst, causing red blood cells (RBC’s) to move out, from the lesions.

As the RBC’s cannot survive outside the blood vessel, they get trapped below the flesh, causing the visible discoloration, or a bruise.

What causes a bruise?

A bruise can be caused by various reasons. However, some of the common causes are:

Lack of Nutrients

Vitamins and minerals not only keep us healthy, but also have therapeutic qualities. Lack of nutrients in the body can lead to slower healing of blood clots and cuts, that primarily causes bruising.

Vitamin K – Deficiency of this vitamin can affect blood clotting

Vitamin C – Deficiency of this vitamin can reduce resistance of the body.

Minerals – To quicken the healing process, minerals provide zinc and iron supplements                                                      Bioflavonoids – Strengthens the immunity

High- Intensity Exercise

Exercises involving muscle training can tear tissues, if overstrained during a workout session. The wounds can be a deterrent for people, wanting to engage in a physical activity.

Medication

Some medicines (over-the-counter or prescribed) can cause thinning of the blood, which increases the tendency of suffering from bruises. This reduces the blood’s ability to clot, and causes bleeding under the skin.

Genetics

Dermatologists agree that a person is genetically prone to bruise, if the level of collagen in his skin is low. This condition can prove to be dangerous, if the person bumps hard enough to onto an external object.

Low Blood Platelets  

Low blood platelets count can be a reason for easy bruising. It can reduce the body’s ability to control excessive bleeding, or forming blood clots. “You can either have an insufficient number of platelets, or your platelets don’t work normally,” says Dr. Ragni.

Bleeding disorders

This type of disorder can cause major bruising. “It’s the company it keeps, the frequency and severity, with which it occurs,” explains Dr. Ragni. The most common bleeding disorder, called von Willebrand disease, is a genetic condition caused by a missing, or defective clotting protein, according to the National Hemophilia Foundation.

Types of bruises

Ecchymosis

It is caused when blood disperses into the top layers of the skin. It is a flat, purple-hued bruise.

Hematoma

It differs from a normal bruise as it forms as a mass of blood clots .The injured area becomes swollen, elevated, or painful.

When to seek Professional healthcare guidance?

Most bruises are short-lived, and not bothersome. They mostly occur due to an accident, fall, surgery, or any other form of physical trauma. Some bruises are also caused by underlying weakness in the blood pathways.

However, if the contusion persists for a longer time, or causes pain or any other inconvenience, seek the advice of a professional. Otherwise, most bruises heal within 2 weeks, usually requiring no treatment.

Based on the physical examination and medical history information, the doctor may prescribe suitable tests and medications.

How to self-treat a bruise?

There are some easy at-home methods to treat a bruise, such as:

  1. Apply ice around the bruised area to help reduce swelling and blood flow.
  2. Use a heating pad or any other source to boost blood circulation and flow, to release the blood after the formation of the wound layer.
  3. Compress the bruise to help reduce pain and inflammation. Gently dab the bruised area without pressing it with force.
  4. Use Vitamin K supplements, in terms of an ointment or a pill, to help heal the bruise.
  5. Vitamin C can curb the injury faster, due to its anti-inflammatory qualities. Its supplements, in the form of fruits and vitamins can also be consumed.

The occurrence of a bruise can related to medical history, physical trauma or medications. Any form of injury, persisting for long, is best discussed with a doctor.

Daniel is our UK-based freelance Editor. As part of our quest towards credible news, Doctor's Clinic Blog India affiliates with individuals from other parts of the world to provide an in-depth focus on essential topics. Daniel received his degree from the University of Sheffield, and since then, worked to multiple sites as a freelance contributor and editor.

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