What is Yeast Infection : It’s Causes and Treatment
Vaginal yeast infection is a common fungal infection. It causes inflammation, irritation, itching and vaginal discharge. It most commonly affects women, but can affect men as well. Studies show that the vaginal yeast infection, also called vaginal Candidiasis are experience by every 3 out of 4 women.
Yeast Infection Symptoms:
Symptoms of this infection include:
- Itiching, burning, or irritation of the vagina or vulva, tissue surrounding the vagina.
- Pain or soreness in the vagina or the vaginal opening.
- Vaginal burning with intercourse or urination.
- A thick white, odorless discharge that resembles cottage cheese.
Further medical conditions which could a complicated yeast infection include pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, weak immunity system, and the presence of Candida fungus.
Yeast Infection Treatment:
The treatment of infection depend upon whether it is complicated or uncomplicated
Uncomplicated yeast infection
There are two ways an uncomplicated yeast infection
- Direct vaginal therapy
- Oral treatment
When treating an uncomplicated yeast infection, usually a short-course of vaginal therapy is normally sufficient.
The other option is a one-time-treatment of prescription or unsubscribed medication such as butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3), and terconazole (Terazol 3).
Alternatively, an oral antifungal, fluconazole (Diflucan), can be used in one single dose
Complicated yeast infection
In case of complicated yeast infection, treatment will include the use of long-course vaginal therapy or multi dose oral formulations. Maintenance medications may be recommended to prevent the infevtion running. Besides, long-course vaginal therapy includes treatment with a vaginal cream, ointment, and tablet for a period of 7 to 14 days.
In addition, before using antifungals, it is important to be sure that the symptoms are due to a yeast infection.The overuse of antifungals can increase the chances of yeast resistance, so that the medications may not work in the future when they are needed.