What is Diabetes: It’s Symptoms and treatment
Often referred as diabetes mellitus by doctors, diabetes describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar). This either happens due to inadequate insulin production (type 1), or because the cells in body do not properly respond to insulin (type 2). Sometimes, both can be the reason for the instigation of diabetes.
Diabetes is a long-term condition. Other than type 1 and 2, there also exists Gestational Diabetes, which affects women during pregnancy.
The most common symptoms of diabetes include:
- Frequent urination – polyuria
- Intense hunger – polyphagia
- Disproportionate thirst – polydipsia
- Unusual weight loss (common in type 1) or weight gain
- Increased fatigue
- Blurred vision
- Kussmaul breathing (hyper-ventilation)
- Lack of energy
Diabetes is not curable but can be controlled. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes lasts a lifetime. However, there is no known cure. Whereas, some people have managed to get rid of the symptoms of type 2 without medication.
They have been able to achieve this via a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control.
Patients of type 1 are usually treated with regular insulin injections. They also need to follow a special diet and exercise.
Patients of type 2 can treat the disease with tablets, exercise and a special diet. Moreover, sometimes insulin injections are also required to treat them.
If not controlled adequately, diabetic patients significantly have a higher risk of developing complications.