What are Human papilloma virus (HPV) : It’s Causes and Treatment
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papilloma virus is one of the common sexually transmitted infection. Most sexually active men and women are being exposed to virus at some point during their lifetime. There are different types of HPV. Some to genital warts and others can cause some types of cancer.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) Symptom:
HPV may not show it symptoms at once, but can appear years later. Some types can lead to warts, while the others to cancer.
A common symptom of warts, especially genital warts.
- Genital warts may appear as small bump, cluster of bumps, or stem-like protrusions.
- It commonly affects vulva or cervix in women and penis or scrotum in men.
- The size and appearance can be large, small, flat, or cauliflower shaped.
The other warts include:
Common warts: Rough, raised bumps most commonly found on the hands, fingers and elbows.
Plantar warts: Usually hard, grainy growth on the feet; commonly appearing on heels or the balls of feet.
Flat warts: These affect children, adolescents, and young adults. It appears as a flat-topped, slightly raisedgraze, usually darker than the normal skin tone. It is commonly found on face , neck or areas that have scratched.
Other types of HPV can increase the risk of developing cancer. These include cancer of cervix, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) Prevention:
Measures that can reduce the risk of contracting HPV include:
- having the HPV vaccine
- practicing safe sex
- practicing abstinence or being in a monogamous sexual relationship
- not having sex while there are visible genital warts