What are Heamorrhoids (Piles) : It’s Causes and Treatment
Heamorrhoids or piles is a swollen and inflamed veins in the rectrum or anus. Its First signs are pain, itching and bleeding around the anal area. Treatment and prevention involves ointments, other home treatments and lifestyle changes. Besides, if they don’t clear up, you must consult your doctor.
- Straining during bowel movements
- Sitting for long period of time, especially on toilet seat.
- Chronic constipation
- Being overweight and obese
- Anal intercourse
- Spinal cord injury
In most cases piles can be self-treated. Besides more serious cases may require medication and surgical procedure.
Home treatment involves the following:
- Use of non-prescribed haemorrhoid ointments, creams, or pads containing a mild corticosteroid.
- Soaking the anal in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes two or three times a day.
- Using stool softeners, which help stool pass more easily.
- Applying ice packs or cold compresses on the affected area
Non-surgical and surgical procedures
Use this treatment in case where external haemorrhoid has formed, prompt relief can be obtained from doctor performing a simple surgery to remove the clot.
The non-surgical treatments involve performing these procedures at doctor’s clinic:
- Rubber band litigation, involves using the rubber band to cut off the blood supply to the haemorrhoid causing it to shrivel and die.
- Injection, involves injecting a substance into the haemorrhoid to make it harden and shrink.
- Laser or infrared method, which uses heat causing the haemorrhoid to harden and shrink.
- If non-surgical procedures are not successful, because hole is particularly large, the following may help:
- Haemorrhoidectomy – removal of a haemorrhoid with a scalpel or laser
- Haemorrhoid stapling – removal of a haemorrhoid with a special staple gun that also inserts a ring of staples to close the wound and prevent bleeding.