Obesity and osteoporosis: Is there a common link between the two diseases?

Over the last couple of decades, obesity and osteoporosis have become major health problems in various countries and India is no exception. These health conditions often come with many risk factors for an individual and both are quite common in middle aged and older age groups.  

Relation between obesity and osteoporosis

The relation between these two diseases has been studied extensively and the researches have indicated that obesity and osteoporosis are two common complex diseases. It has been observed that the increasing fat mass may not have a beneficial effect on bone mass at all. 

The effect of obesity on skeletal strength is not a favorable one, as people suffering from this disease are at a greater risk of developing certain fractures. On the other hand, osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is characterized by low bone density. It also includes progressive deterioration of the bone microarchitecture. This condition makes the bones fragile, increasing the risk of fracture.  

osteoporosis risk factors

Common Causes 

Obesity is generally caused by overeating, combined with inactiveness. When a person consumes high amounts of energy and avoids physical activity, the energy is stored by the body, which leads to the accumulation of fats. While as, osteoporosis is caused by calcium deficiency, along with inactive lifestyle, which is also common in obesity. People with low body weight and smokers are also at risk of developing osteoporosis.   

Preventive measures 

Regular exercise can help prevent obesity, along with a healthy diet plan. A person can manage the weight by knowing the food traps that come with higher calories. Monitoring the weight can also help an individual know when to hit the straps.

When it comes to osteoporosis, eating foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D can help. Weight training, walking, playing and dancing can also help strengthen the bones. Thus, one can certainly conclude that people who are more active have less chances of developing obesity and osteoporosis. Similarly, the selection of food is important to keep both the diseases at bay.


Lifestyle changes are quite important to treat osteoporosis. However, they may not be enough to combat the disease. Medication can help you slow down the process of bone loss and help rebuild the new ones. The importance of a healthy diet and exercise cannot be neglected at the same time.

Likewise, a calorie-controlled diet is the best way of treating obesity. But, that’s not all you can do if you really want to get rid of that extra fat. A person may consult a healthcare professional to get the required psychological support, besides the important tips to increase the impact of physical activities and decrease the food temptations that may create unwanted hurdles. Besides this, proper medication can also double the pace of losing fat and gaining muscles in the long run.     

Overall, it won’t be an understatement to say that both the diseases are quite similar and related in many ways. People with a healthy weight and an active lifestyle are less likely to develop osteoporosis, whereas an obese person is always at a greater risk of developing the disease. 


Daniel is our UK-based freelance Editor. As part of our quest towards credible news, Doctor's Clinic Blog India affiliates with individuals from other parts of the world to provide an in-depth focus on essential topics. Daniel received his degree from the University of Sheffield, and since then, worked to multiple sites as a freelance contributor and editor.

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