Here’s how diabetes increases the risk of bone and joint disorders!
Bones play a crucial role in the human body. They are important for performing a number of day-to-day physical activities. Humans will not be able to stand, walk, run, or even sit without them. Thus, it is imperative to ensure that your bones are healthy and in perfect condition. There are various diseases and disorders that have a major adverse impact on the functioning and overall effectiveness of the bones.
Experienced medics and industry experts state that Diabetes increases the risk of various bone and joint disorders. It is one of the major complications associated with diabetes which is directly related to blood sugar control and duration of the disease.
A number of factors, such as nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy), arterial disease and obesity, often lead to these problems. However, the actual the cause isn’t clear at times. A survey conducted few years back highlighted that majority of the people having bone problems like arthritis also had diabetes.
Listed below are some of the most common bone problems associated with diabetes:
Also known as Charcot’s foot or Charcot’s arthropathy, Charcot’s joint is one of the most common bone problems associated with diabetes that has a major impact on your feet. It results in loss of sensation and numbness in the feet due to the nerve damage. The feet usually become unstable, swollen or deformed.
With the reduced sensation in the feet, people having Charcot’s joint become prone to injuries without knowing it. This often leads to the wear and tear of joints due to the pressure put on them. Severe damage can also lead to deformities in the affected foot. This condition is often characterized by limited range of motion.
The impact and progression of the disease can be reduced if it is detected at an early stage. Avoiding the activities that involve weight-bearing and making the use of orthotic supports to the affected joint is effective in curing Charcot’s joint.
Though Osteoarthritis does not have a direct relation with diabetes, it is quite common in overweight people with type 2 diabetes. It mainly occurs due to the inflammation of tissues in the joints and damaging of the cartilage. This disease causes bones to become weak and prone to fracture.
The extra strain put on the joints of overweight people increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis. It is most commonly related with pain, stiffness and a grating sound or a limited range of mobility in the joints.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis are rarely seen in the early stages. They can be seen in the more advanced stage and often result in the loss of height, stooped posture or bone fractures. Following a nutritious diet rich in calcium & vitamin D along with a healthy lifestyle are the best ways to avoid Osteoarthritis.
It is a severe inflammatory condition which is caused due to an autoimmune disease (where your body attacks its own tissues). Rheumatoid arthritis is common in people with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also classified as an autoimmune disease, which highlights the possible link between the two diseases.
The common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain and swelling. It has a direct association with inflamed joints, which can be stiff and painful. The pain and stiffness experienced in the morning that usually lasts for more than 30 minutes, is a clear indicator of rheumatoid arthritis.
Diabetic hand syndrome
Also known as cheiroarthropathy, Diabetic hand syndrome is a common disorder in which the skin on the hands becomes thick and waxy. Eventually, it restricts the movement of figures. However, the actual cause of diabetic hand syndrome isn’t known, it is quite common in the people having diabetes for a long time. This condition often results in the inability of fully extending the fingers or to press the palms together. Undergoing physical therapy along with managing blood glucose levels can help in alleviating this condition.
Keeping in mind the severity of the bone problems associated with diabetes, it becomes imperative to ensure appropriate measures to combat them.