Bird flu in India : Causes, Risk factor, Prevention
Bird flu is a disease brought on by avian flu viruses, which can be of unique types B and C. Many dead birds have been found which is increasing the cases of bird flu in India. Type A avian flu viruses would be the most usually connected with avian influenza epidemics and pandemics. A strange feature of flu A virus is the propensity for genetic modification by 2 chief methods: antigenic drift (small, slow changes) along with antigenic shift (sudden, major change producing a book influenza A virus subtype).
There are numerous ways of transmission of influenza including inhalation, direct or indirect (fomite) touch etc., which might have signs which range from mild to fatal or severe illness, are contingent on the viral subtype resulting in the illness. Avian influenza A (H5N1) contributes to elevated departure rate amongst babies and small kids.
You may also like this blog: SEASONAL INFLUENZA VACCINATION DURING PREGNANCY
You Could Have an H5N1 disease if you encounter regular flu-like symptoms for example:
If you should be vulnerable to bird flu, then you should rest until you reach your physician’s office or clinic. Alerting them before time can let them take precautions to protect staff as well as other patients before looking after you.
Reasons for bird flu in India
Bird flu is caused with some sorts of flu A virus (as an instance, H5N1 and H7N9). There are various varieties of flu viruses, and many would rather reside at a constrained selection of animal hosts. Therefore, parasitic influenza primarily infects swine, also bird influenza primarily infects birds. The seasonal human flu virus will be best adapted to humans. Several rare cases might happen within a casual arrangement, as when individuals that have contact with sick birds obtain the “bird flu” On occasion, a species-specific influenza virus may change (mutate) in a way which means it is readily equipped to infect different species. If avian flu must have the ability to spread easily among people, it may likely induce a significant outbreak. Currently the cases of bird flu in India is rapidly increasing. This kind of mutation happened from the so called “swine flu” virus (H1N1) from ’09 that triggered an outbreak.
You may also like this blog: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PNEUMONIA
Risk factors of bird flu in India
H5N1 has got the capacity to survive for lengthy amounts of time. Birds infected with H5N1 keep on to publish the herpes virus in feces and saliva for so long as 10 days. Touching infected surfaces may spread the disease.
- A poultry farmer
- a traveler seeing affected regions
- vulnerable to infected birds
- someone who eats undercooked poultry or eggs
- a health care worker caring for infected patients
- a family member of an infected person
Stay away from dead or sick birds:
Experts believe that since the no. of cases of bird flu in india is growing, prevent all contact with any bird that looks ill or dead. This relates to domestic birds like poultry, as well as wild birds. Celebrate birds in the open by a space, and do not make an effort to enable a sick of injured bird.
- If you run into any contact with birds of any type, then wash your hands whenever possible. Use hot water and soap or hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
- Don’t dash bird excrement. Steer clear of any surface or material that has bird excrement around If you’re walking and realize you have stepped into bird excrement, clean your footwear with soap and water.
Report dead birds:
Health ministry or wildlife agency monitors bird health in your area. Call a wildlife agency in your area to let them know if you find a sick or dead bird. There are some reports of bird flu cases in india, this will prompt the agency to analyze and investigate the matter and prevent the rise of bird flu cases in india.
- This is especially important when you find multiple deceased birds together.
- Local authorities may tell you to dispose of their bird’s body. If this is this is the case, don’t touch the bird’s body together with bare hands on. Use plastic gloves or bags to dispose of the body in your trash. If you’re concerned with the foundation of the birds, then you can burn the deceased birds too.
Manage and cook chicken safely to kill influenza viruses and take care of your health. Use different utensils to deal with meat after it’s been cooked. Wash the hands with hot soap and water before and after you touch the meat. Eat chicken that is fully cooked and still hot.
- Ensure cutting boards and other items that touched raw poultry are washed with soap.
- Work with a thermometer to ensure poultry is cooked until it touched at least at least 165 °F (74 °C).
- If you’ve got any concerns about poultry in the nation you are in or travel to, you then might like to consider preventing it completely. Look into vegetarian options or other safe meat choices.
Cook eggs until the yolk is firm:
Consuming runny eggs from an infected poultry can put you in danger of having bird flu. Make sure you cook your eggs all of the way through so that the yolks and whites are firm.
Bird flu could also be found on the surface of eggshells, therefore be certain that you wash your hands thoroughly after touching eggs.
You may also like this blog: WHAT IS HERD IMMUNITY?
Prevention from Bird flu in india
There are ways to protect yourself from catching the bird flu in india. Those who are travelling in locations where the bird flu has occurred have to take exceptional precautions to reduce the likelihood of contact with the bird flu virus. Keep these tips in mind if travelling:
- Get a flu shot, it will not prevent avian flu; however, it can prevent some other human influenza. This helps prevent the problem to become infected with both avian and human flu at the exact same time. Having both infections increases the risk that the avian and human viruses may share genes, resulting in potentially dangerous virus mutations.
- Avoid modest farms where birds are grown in massive amounts.
- Avoid raw meats and foods made out of eggs (e.g., mayonnaise, ice cream).
- Avoid open air markets.
Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands frequently. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are better at quickly killing virus.
Must read: FIGHTING COVID-19 NATURALLY