child type-1 diabetes

Is your child Type-1 diabetic? Here’s everything you need to know

Diabetes has been equivalent to an epidemic in India with 69.2 million patients. While adults have taken appropriate measures to control the disease, there hasn’t been enough emphasis on its possibility in children.

Type1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), the most common type, has affected approximately 1 lakh children in the country. This calls for appropriate measures to increase awareness and curb extreme situations. Listed below are the necessary details associated with T1DM: –

What is Type1 diabetes?

Type-1 diabetes is a medical condition where the immune system of an individual considers islet cells as bacteria/virus and kills them. Since the cells are responsible for the production of insulin in the body, the hormone has to be injected externally via injections.

Causes

Absence of insulin leads to glucose build-up in blood and can cause serious complications in some cases. There is no exact reason for T1DM. While the condition is usually genetic, research has revealed that specific types of virus can also destroy the islet cells.

Symptoms

Following signs and symptoms can be seen in children within 2-3 weeks: –

  • Increase in appetite

The quotient increases as the body keeps feeling low on energy. Muscles are deprived of sugar due to the lack of insulin and thus, sudden and high intensity hunger is triggered.

  • Weight loss

Contrary to the previous point of increased food intake, weight loss is the most prominent sign of Type-1 diabetes. Fat storage is directly impacted and muscle cells shrink. The rate of weight loss, however, is different in every child.

  • Fatigue

No sugar, no energy. This leads to a lethargic lifestyle. Parents have reported this symptom with the decrease of outdoor physical activities in their children.

  • Wetting the bed

Increase in liquid intake is generally considered good for children. However, that coupled with frequent urination, might be an indication of diabetes. This is so because tissue fluid is used by sugar in the blood due to insulin imbalance.

Precautions

As of now, there is no way to prevent this condition, but its antibodies can be identified. Listed below are the precautionary measures that can be taken by parents of the children suffering from T1DM: –

  • Explain the condition to your children. Though this will be difficult for them in the beginning, it is important that they understand the associated severity and adjust their lifestyle accordingly.
  • Keep a check on the diet and promote regular physical activities.
  • Maintain regularity in insulin shots as well as routine doctor appointments.
  • For 5 years after the diagnosis, it is advised to go for diabetic neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic retinopathy.

The most crucial point is to notice the symptoms and get an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible. With collective efforts from the patient’s family, it is possible to fight diabetes better.

Also read: EATING WELL AND BEING PHYSICALLY ACTIVE IS IMPERATIVE IF YOU HAVE DIABETES

Daniel is our UK-based freelance Editor. As part of our quest towards credible news, Doctor's Clinic Blog India affiliates with individuals from other parts of the world to provide an in-depth focus on essential topics. Daniel received his degree from the University of Sheffield, and since then, worked to multiple sites as a freelance contributor and editor.

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