All you need to know about COVID 19
It mostly spreads from droplets or aerosols from loud talking, cough, sneeze or by fomites on body parts, mostly hands of the infected. It can also spread if a person touches the body of an infected person, where fomites may be lying freely.
The virus enters the respiratory tract of the exposed person and gives rise to illness, which varies from mild upper respiratory illness to very severe acute respiratory illness leading to lung failure or multi-organ failure.
Most patients will only have mild diseases with cough, cold-like features, along with fever or throat pain progressing to severe breathlessness, requiring the support of a ventilator.
Most symptoms start within 2 to 4 days, while others may take even 1 to 14 days. Anyone positive or exposed may carry the virus to cause the spread. So, the best thing is to follow quarantine protocols suggests Dr. Suddhasattwa Sen, HOD, Dept of GI HPB surgery and oncosurgery Amri Hospital Kolkata.
As of now, neither vaccine nor a definite medicine is available to treat the Novel Coronavirus.
Thus, it is important to follow certain protocols strictly to avoid getting exposed or spread the virus in case one is positive or suspected.
- Social/ physical distance of at least 3 feet / 1 meter
- Frequent handwash with soap and water for 20 seconds or 70 % alcohol-based rubs
- Stay indoor to avoid social contacts inside or outside homes or minimize it.
- Get medical help if any of the above features develop.
- Elderly and comorbidity like diabetes, high BP heart, lung disease, and cancer patients are more likely to get infected, So, keep them safe, indoors and protected.
- Cover face, including eye protection to not spread by stopping the droplets. N95 masks are for essential service, especially doctors and nurses while dealing with positive patients or those suspected for COVID.
- Eat healthy, sleep well, rest well, don’t panic, don’t spread or listen to fake news. Be hopeful, perform physical activities inside homes or rooms.
- If going out (only for emergency medical work or supplies) take all the precautions as above and prefer not to go out frequently.
- Take medical help or Govt helplines or AMRI Hospitals for getting tested or treated as per Govt guidelines.
- Stay safe. Let essential services work properly as they are under tremendous pressure and stress. Help the poor and needy if possible.