Knee Replacement Surgery: Types, Procedure & Associated Risks
Knee ailments happen to be one of the most common issues that become a chronic hindrance to an active lifestyle. They are mainly caused due to external forces like bending or twisting of the knee in a manner it is not anatomically designed for. If not treated timely, these issues can become a major hindrance in a person’s mobility. They are likely to be aggravated by physical exercise, and can be triggered by various problems (such as a foot injury).
Knee replacement surgery is one of the most effective ways of restoring the weight-bearing façade of a damaged knee joint. Basically, it is a kind of arthroplasty (the surgical repair of a joint), which involves the reconstruction and replacement of degenerated joints, using artificial body parts.
The surgery includes a surgical procedure that alleviates pain and enhances the quality of life in patients suffering from severe knees arthritis. It is recommended to undergo a knee replacement surgery in case you experience severe knee pain when medicines or other treatments prove to be ineffective. The surgery will bring comfort to patients whose knees have worn-out due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, or any injury.
Who Needs knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee replacement surgery is mainly recommended to patients who experience:
- Severe knee pain
- Stiffness in the knees that prevents a person from carrying out regular tasks like walking, jumping, climbing stairs, etc.
- Crunching noises in the joints
- Difficulty in straightening the knee
- A clear deformity in the leg or the knee
- Fever, accompanied by redness, pain, and swelling in the knee
- Chronic knee inflammation and swelling
It becomes important to note that not all the knee replacements are the same. They differ, depending on the cause. Some of the most common types of knee replacements include:
- Uni-compartmental (only addresses one of three knee compartments)
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) retaining
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) substituting
- Rotating Platform
Over the years, as the knee damage progresses, it leads to deterioration of the joint and surrounding tissue. There are a number of factors that increase your risk of having knee problems, such as:
- Excess weight
- Inadequate strength and flexibility of muscle
- Certain sports that put great stress on the knees
- Severe knee injuries
If thinking about the impending knee replacement surgery makes you nervous, here is all what you can do to prepare yourself:
- Ensure a well-balanced, healthy and nutritious diet
- Increase the intake of protein in your diet to help your bones and muscles recover quickly after the surgery
- Invest in a walking aids such as crutches or a walker, adjustable bed, long-handled shower hose, small rails or grab bars and a raised toilet seat which you might need after the surgery.
Certainly, knee replacement surgery is one of the most remarkable achievements in the field of modern medicine and can give a fresh lease of life to someone.