Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer- One of the most common killers among men

Prostate cancer, called so because of its position – base of the bladder, is the second most common cancer among men (first is skin cancer). Men over 65 years of age are more likely to develop prostate cancer. Even though it is one of the leading causes of death among men, Prostate cancer can be successfully treated in most cases.

What Are the Symptoms?

Usually there are no signs of early prostate cancer. Following signs and symptoms can be noticed once the cancer causes prostate gland to swell:

  • Difficulty starting or stopping a stream of urine
  • Inability to urinate standing up
  • A frequent need to urinate, especially at night
  • Leaking of urine when coughing or laughing
  • A interrupted or weak urinary stream
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • A painful or burning sensation during ejaculation or urination

 Location

The cancer sits directly beneath the bladder and in front of the rectum. As the first portion of the urethra passes through the prostate, the passage of semen or urine through the urethra can get blocked if the gland is enlarged.

 Medical tests needed to find out:

Some initial tests are commonly taken in the absence of signs and symptoms.

  • Digital Rectal Examination for Prostate Problems – It is a simple test that can catch the disease in its early stages.
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test: Prostate Cancer Diagnosis – This test is used in case the blood test shows high chances of Prostate Cancer.
  • Prostate Ultrasound and Biopsy to Diagnose Prostate Cancer – This test further confirms the presence of cancer cells.

Treatments for early stage 

 If cancer cells are contained and small, they are usually managed by these treatment methods:

Regular check-ups: PSA (protein produced by prostate cells) levels are monitored closely at first instead of immediate treatment.

Radical Prostatectomy: the prostate is removed surgically.

Radiotherapy: Brachytherapy, Intensity modulated radiotherapy and Conformal radiotherapy are used to kill cancer cells with the help of radiation.

 The number of men diagnosed with prostate cancer is very high. But so is the number of men who survive it. You are more likely to die from other causes before you die from prostate cancer. You’re also more likely to find out about it earlier if you get annual screening tests.

Suggested reads: Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery

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