Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease and is common in the U.S. It is an infection caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis and can infect both men and women. While women develop it in the cervix, rectum, or throat, men can get it in the urethra (inside the penis), rectum, or throat.
This is an easily spread infection as it often causes no symptoms and may unknowingly pass to sexual partners. Statistics show that about 75% of infections in women and 50% in men are without symptoms.
Since the symptoms are not always apparent, identifying whether a person is infected with chlamydia or not is difficult. However, they are usually noticeable within one to three weeks of contact when they occur.
Symptoms in women include:
- Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor
- Bleeding between the mensuration cycle
- Painful periods
- Abdominal pain along with fever
- Pain while having sex
- Itching or burning in or around the vagina
- Painful urination
Symptoms in men include:
- Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis
- Pain when urinating
- Burning and itching around the opening of the penis
- Pain and swelling around the testicles
Doctors prescribe oral antibiotics to treat chlamydia including azithromycin (Zithromax) or doxycycline. Doctors also recommend treatment of your partner to prevent reinfection and further spread of the disease.
Women with severe chlamydia infection may require pain medicine, intravenous antibiotics (medicine given through a vein), andhospitalization.
After taking antibiotics, patient should be re-tested after three months to ensure the infection is cured. However it is importantin any case, doctors consider it crucial if one is unsure that the partnerobtained treatment.
The infection should clear up in about a week or twowith treatment. Doctors suggest that It is important to finish all of your antibiotics even if you feel better.